Tree Trimming & Pruning
There are many different types of tree pruning. Trees for the most part can take care of themselves, however, when people and trees come together – urban forestry, this is when tree pruning, and maintenance is necessary.
- Crown Cleaning
Crown cleaning consists of selective removal of dead, dying, diseased and weak branches from a tree's crown. As a tree grows, defective branches and waterspouts are found in the tree's crown. If these are not removed in a timely manner, the condition may worsen and affect the overall health of the tree.
- Crown Thinning
Crown Thinning involves crown cleaning as well as the selective removal of small branches to reduce crown density. This is done too allow sunlight and air movement to penetrate to interior branches by developing a lighter and more open branch canopy. This should be performed in a way to maintain an even distribution of branches and foliage. The extent of thinning in a year should be in the range of 10-15% of the live crown and should not exceed 25% in any case, especially for mature trees.
- Crown Raising
Crown Raising involves removal of lower branches of a tree. This is done to achieve visibility, or to allow lawn mowers to be able to mow grass underneath without a tree limb in the way, or anything else such as cars and people to be able to pass underneath the trees canopy.
- Crown Reduce
Crown reduction is the selective removal of branches and stems to reduce the
height and/or spread of a tree. This type of pruning should be done when there is a need to minimize risk of failure of a tree or reduce interference onto nearby buildings or other structures. Topping is NOT a recommended pruning method and should be avoided.
- Clearance Pruning
Clearance pruning a tree involves cutting a trees limb away from a structure by a certain # of feet. Always cut back to the nearest lateral growth, never cut in the middle or inter-node of a branch. Clearance pruning is usually done to clear houses, roofs, sheds, cars, and such of encroaching limbs.
Shaping a trees canopy should really only be done on shrubs and bushes – not trees. Larger trees can be shaped but only by a selective prune with proper cuts – not topping. Small shrubs and bushes like Holly trees, bush hedges, and other shrubs and bushes can be shaped how you like them. Some green should always be left, or the plant has been shaped to hard and faces the chance of declining. Hand shears are usually used when shaping is completed. Usually shears are used for this method of pruning on very selective types of trees such as smaller shrub evergreens or privacy hedges.
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